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greyWhere Do "White Spots" Come From? by Robert Probert.
greyWhy Are My Aluminum Cathodes Red? by Nosti, Ciejka, & Gilbert.
Coloring of Metals
greyCollection of formulas for chemical, electrochemical & heat colouring, cyanide-free immersion plating and electroplating by Goran Budija.
corrosionthumb Why Apply a Coating? -- Corrosion,
   by Mario S. Pennisi
Electroplating (commercial)
redAn Introduction to Barrel Plating, by Frank R. Zemo
redChrome Control by Geoffrey P. Whitelaw
redCrib sheet for plating. A periodic table for plating, electrochemical equivalents, troubleshooting nuggets, other little used facts.
redFormulae of surface areas and volumes of simple shapes. May we strongly recommend that you calculate the surface area of everything you finish. Think about it, this is SURFACE finishing.
redImproving your Chloride Zinc Plating Operation, by Stephen Schneider.
redTroubleshooting Modern Bright Nickel Plating Solutions, by Thomas J. Pullizzi.
Electroplating (electroforming)
orangeA Practical Guide to Understanding, Measuring and Controlling Stress in Electroformed Metals, by Berl Stein, CEF
Electroplating (electronics)
orangePaul Stransky has contributed an interesting paper on Flux Basics, some useful references on Nickel Diffusion Barriers and Solder Leveling, and a rather exhaustive review of the literature about Copper Plating of High-Aspect-Ratio Plated-Through-Holes.
orangeTroubles with your PC boards? Rudy Sedlak tells us a little about Ammoniacal Etching of Copper and Resist Lifting in Gold Plating
Environment & Safety
blueRudy Sedlak tells us what Chelates are and why we use them; and gives us his take on the new technologies of Liquid Cleaners and Dry Acid Salts.
blueThen another look at Liquid Cleaners by Mike McDonald, CEF, Liquid Cleaners v.s. Dry...The choice is EASY...
blueThe well-known chart of pH vs. residual concentration of metals in wastewater.
Hot-Dip Galvanizing
whiteDr. Thomas H. Cook Dynamic Flux Tests for Hot-Dip Galvanizing.
whiteDr. Thomas H. Cook Lower Zinc in Hot-Dip Galvanizing.
whiteDr. Thomas H. Cook ACNV Test
misplates  Illustrated trouble-shooting guide in rhyme from 1955.
redProceedings of the American Electroplater's Society, 1960

Painting & Powder Coating
greenSpraybooth Problems: Air, Filters, Exhaust by Ken Green
greenMaintaining Brightness in Spray Booths by Ron Joseph>
greenKeeping an HVLP Spray Gun in Compliance with Regulations by Ron Joseph
greenTransfer Efficiency by Ron Joseph
greenThe Pretreatment Trouble Shooter -- reprints of Dave Wright's column in CCAI's Finishing Touch Newsletter, covering such topics as phosphating and salt spray testing.
greenPowder Coating -- an introduction by Mario S. Pennisi.
Passivation of Stainless Steel
passivation_tester Effective Methods for the Testing of Stainless Steel Passivation -- by Wolf Koslow
picklingchart Chart of pickling time and baumé as a function of acid concentration and iron content
   by Barlow Campano, Hidada Co. Ltd., Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

"The Kleingarn Regenerated Spent Acid at Increasing Ferrous (Fe+2) and Ferric (Fe+3) Chloride Content"
   by Barlow Campano, Hidada Co. Ltd., Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Plant & Process Engineering/Construction
purplePlating Shops for the Nineties and Beyond, a design guide by Ted Mooney.
purple20 Ways to Cut Water Usage in Plating Shops, some tips from Ted Mooney.
purpleHard Chrome Plating - Materials to consider, by Freeman Newton.
purplePlease Don't Leak on the Job - A guide to cementing PVC Pipe, by Freeman Newton.
Replacement Technologies
greyA possible alternative to Nickel or Chrome plating, the Kolene salt bath quench/polish/quench process.
greyClosing the Quality Gap on Textured Molds: High Quality Surface Finishes Make the Difference, and Equation for Efficiency: FF + f/P Nearly Eliminates the Need for Polishing --two articles by Midwest Mold and Texture Corporation.
greyEnd of Life (Vehicles) European Directive (English language) posted 11/29/00.
greyGeoffrey Whitelaw gives us the full procedure and data for economical stripping of gold
greyRudy Sedlak tells us about Stripping Resists … and the hell involved in Stripping Tin and Solder from small holes on thick boards.
greyTitanium - Why Coat It? by Milt Stevenson, Jr., Anoplate

Articles in Swedish (by Anders Sundman)
redPlating on Aluminum [in Swedish]
redChrome Plating [in Swedish]
redNickel Plating [in Swedish]
redMetallic Materials [in Swedish]
redPretreatment & Activation [in Swedish]


Looking for an article you remember seeing here, but which gave up it's front page position to make way for newer items, here it is:
whiteInterview with a Vampire--a conversation (out of whole cloth) between an ISO9000 auditor and a client.
whiteAn open letter from University of Baltimore's Merrick School of Business regarding new technology of divalent chromates.
whiteCFR438, the proposed Metal Products and Machinery Effluent Guidelines, are serious business for all finishers. Read an Open Letter from the Aluminum Anodizers Council and James N. McClatchey's statement to the EPA from the public hearing of June 28, 1996. (McClatchey is V.P. and Production Manager of Southern Aluminum Finishing Co.)

We're working hard to make these pages the place you come to for all your finishing needs. Please e-mail your suggestions to:
Ted Mooney, P.E. <>

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