Home /
Search 🔍
the Site

Free personalized metal finishing help!

Masking a rivet / pin for heat treatment


Current postings:

Ed. note: Please!
No abstract questions.

RFQ: Sir
I want to know in Chennai who is doing this copper masking and case carburizing process.

S sriganesh
Employee in a limited. - Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

  ^- Privately respond to this RFQ -^

Ed. note: As always, gentle readers, technical replies in public and commercial replies in private please ( huh? why?)

To minimize lost motion, please describe your needs -- a one-time requirement for a single small item? A weekly need for thousands of very large items? Thanks.

Closely related Q&A's, oldest first:

June 23, 2009

Q. We want to rivet a pin after heat treatment.

Now we are facing cracks in pin end during riveting.

we planned to mask that particular end by copper plating before heat treatment.

Such that, after heat treatment the pin (material EN 9), we hope , the masked end may be lesser hardness than un masked area. We hope, this will facilitate to rivet the pin end without any cracks.

Is my process method correct or not?

Someone can kindly guide me


Ganeshan S
Product designer - India

June 30, 2009

A. Good afternoon:

I'm assuming that you are austenitizing, quenching and tempering the pins in a controlled atmosphere. If that's not correct, please provide more detailed process information.

The function of the copper plate is to prevent carbon diffusion into the surface of the steel during case hardening. If the carbon potential of the heat treating atmosphere is greater than the carbon content of the steel, the copper plate will keep the surface carbon content lower in the selective area that was plated. That should provide more ductility in the surface area of the part that was selectively plated, compared to the surface that is not selectively plated. If the carbon potential is the same or lower than the carbon content of the steel, the selective plate is useless.

One point to consider: EN9 is nominally 0.50 % carbon steel. The surface of the pin is likely to be pretty hard if you are quenching and tempering. If that is the case, you may want to consider selective induction anneal of the riveted end, or possibly a change in material selection to a lower carbon grade which will provide more ductility. If the blueprint allows it.

Steve Bizub
- St Louis, Missouri

July 8, 2009

Q. Dear Mr.Steve

Thanks for your response and suggesting Induction anneal of rivet end. We are planned to take trial on it.

Herewith I summarize my early experiment (before sending previous query) to you briefly, so you can better understand my situation and through some light for my improvement

Trial 1 :

First, I tried with boron steel grade pin in below process route
(a) Copper plating (25~38 micron coating thick)
(b) carburized (austenizing, quenching & tempering in controlled atmosphere)
Surface hardness : 760~780Hv 0.2 Kg
(c) Pin end riveting

Result : in end cracked during riveting trial

Trial 2 :

Second, I tried with EN 9 steel grade pin in below process route (as similar above)
(a) Copper plating (25~30 micron coating thick)
(b) Thru hardening (austenizing,quenching&tempering in controlled atmosphere)
Surface hardness : 643~689 Hv 0.2 Kg
(c) Pin end riveting

Result : in end cracked during riveting trial

Now I would like to clarify few points with you, for my improvement action to avoid pin crack during riveting,

(1) Is the copper plating coating thickness playing an role during heat treatment (i.e is there relationship between thickness & reducing hardness), did I want to increase coating thickness, if so how much?

(2)Can you suggest suitable thru hardening / case hardening material suitable for my application

Once again I thank you for your valuable suggestion and look forward for your co-operation


- India

July 9, 2009

A. Good afternoon:

I think that 25 microns, or 0.001" of copper plate is often specified as a minimum thickness for selective carburizing stop off. Not sure if increasing the thickness will be of much help. And we don't have enough information to know if selective plate is even the solution to the problem.

Material selection is dependent upon:
1- specific composition required by blueprint or spec
2- physical/mechanical properties required (surface or core hardness, tensile, impact, etc)
3- part design and application

I hope the suggestion on induction anneal is helpful. But ultimately, you will have to figure out the material and processing yourself, or work with the customer, vendor and/or consultant to do so. There are many variables involved that only you have knowledge of.

Steve Bizub
- St Louis, Missouri

July 11, 2009

thumbs up sign Thanks for providing details about coating thickness.

- India

finishing.com is made possible by ...
spacer gets replaced with bannerImages

Q, A, or Comment on THIS thread -or- Start a NEW Thread

Disclaimer: It's not possible to fully diagnose a finishing problem or the hazards of an operation via these pages. All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author's employer. The internet is largely anonymous & unvetted; some names may be fictitious and some recommendations might be harmful.

If you are seeking a product or service related to metal finishing, please check these Directories:

Chemicals &
Consult'g, Train'g
& Software

About/Contact    -    Privacy Policy    -    ©1995-2022 finishing.com, Pine Beach, New Jersey, USA