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topic 9480

Pinholes problem in hot dip galvanized steel


Could anyone list up reasons for pinholes, at hot dip galvanized mild steel, or give me a link to an article about the problem.

Rolf O.
- Orsta, Norway



I understand that some years ago Birmingham University along with powder paint co's and users carried out a detailed investigation of this problem:

Pinholeing was found due to air or moisture entrapment and not gasses in the zinc coating as previously postulated. Traditionally "degassing" has been used after pretreat to minimise the problem but rarely is a total cure. The best solution was the use of wax additives in the powder to keep the molten powder open longer so that gas bubbles could escape thru the liquid paint. Quality of galvanizing will have a marked effect on pinholeing as porosity of the coating is the prime factor here.

The was a slight improvement if resin-chrome pretreat was used as this tended to act as a surface sealer.

Roger Bridger
Walterisation UK Ltd - Croydon, UK


We have small powder coating unit. We faced pinholes problem, items after being powder coated had small holes in them. On analysis we came to conclusion that during pretreatment process of degreasing/pickling/phosphating & washing some chemicals get left deposited on surface,when powder is sprayed on it & it is baked it evaporates. Since it is below powder layer it makes its way thru powder layer leaving tiny holes on surface. To obviate we started descaling of components in drum (filled with wood powder) instead of degreasing (alkaline washing) & pickling & further cleaning of surface by thinner.

I believe on same logic some pre treatment fault is resulting in your problem.

Vikas Kaushal
- Chandigarh, India

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