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Zinc recovery from Dross

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Q. Sir can you please guide me further on the process or route me to somebody who can do the same for me?

Vikash goel
Business - Kolkata West Bengal India
March 20, 2022


2nd Request
Sir can you please guide me further on the process?

Vikash goel [returning]
September 20, 2022
    privately respond to this RFQ   ^
Ed. note: As always, gentle readers: technical replies in public and commercial replies in private please (huh? why?)


⇩ Closely related postings, oldest first ⇩



Q. As the price of Zinc ingot for Galvanising has reached above US $3000 per ton limit, I look for a simple method to recover pure Zinc for Zinc dross from Hot dip flux line. Please inform me if there is any practical method.

S.K.Subramanian
- Chittagong, Bangladesh
2006



A. Sir:
True dross is an alloy of iron 6% and zinc 94%. Hot dip galvanizer's dross is usually between 2% to 4% iron. Thus a simple heat sweat-out procedure can theoretically recover perhaps as much as 50% zinc. If memory serves me, another possible method is the use of a third metal (I think aluminum) whereby this metal (aluminum) is added and the mix strongly heated whereby aluminum forms a stronger binary alloy with the iron (than does zinc) thus releasing the free zinc. If the dross is 3% iron each 100 pounds of dross contains 3 pounds of iron and the appropriate amount of aluminum is added to combine with the iron. A recovery approaching 97 pounds of zinc is expected and perhaps 5 pounds of iron-aluminum alloy would also be produced. Likely the people who do this as a business have worked out the details. A small batch trial would be appropriate and a book on binary metal alloys would show the best theory.
Regards,

Dr. Thomas H. Cook
Hot Springs, So. Dakota



Q. I have tried on the same process using Aluminium but after so many trials recovery of Zinc is only about 55% to 65% only and the purity level is also not very good i.e. 98% of Zinc. The Zinc produced by this process is not usable for Galvanizing.

This is due to formation of Ternary alloy (Zn-Al-Fe). This is a thick slurry and can be viewed during process.

Qaiser Majid
Qaiser Majid
Lahore, Pakistan
2006



A. Sir:
I spoke with Barry Dugan of Horsehead Zinc (formerly Zinc Corporation of America) about zinc recovery from galvanizers dross. He said that adding aluminum to dross is the process used by a few recovery companies. Both floating dross (sheet galvanizing) and some normal galvanizers dross is used. I expect using exactly the right amount of aluminum and the correct methods of mixing and heating are extremely important. Perhaps Barry could name the companies and then contact could be made and perhaps correct methods used. The book on binary alloys would also be useful for predictions and investigation of tertiary alloys. I do not have intimate knowledge of the process. I only know it exists.
Regards, Tom Cook

Dr. Thomas H. Cook
Hot Springs, So. Dakota



A. The pure zinc can is coming from the fact that the way to remove it from the bath will take with it a lot of pure zinc.
Dross itself is an alloy and can only be recovered by distillation at high temperature.

A way to recover pure zinc from the dross is to remelt it in a second special shaped bath where the dross settles and the pure zinc is on the top. Use a H/D kettle which is big in order to create settling.

Wilfred Sprang
- The Netherlands



A. I appreciate the comments of Mr Wilfred Sprang of WTN(26/JUNE) The Zn of BS standard can be recovered FROM DROSS through distillation route using heavy heat duty bottle retorts & condensers, for batch process or chambered flat bottom muffle furnace, for continuous process.

The bottle retorts are sensitive towards mechanical & thermal shocks, hence require appropriate care.

Dr. Pradeep kumar Maitra
- Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India



A. There is no simple way to recover pure Zinc from dross, Prime Western grade zinc could be made by Aluminium process for SHG Zinc distillation is the only way.

As the LME price has gone up to about USD 4000.00 I hope many people will try to develop distillation process and might be some commercial companies who will sell there technology in near future.

Qaiser Majid
Qaiser Majid
Lahore, Pakistan
2007



A. Recovery of secondary and usable zinc from top dross can be possible by practising in simple furnace by heating the dross ingots, fluxing and casting process. We have carried out lot of trials and have come up with more than 85% recovery with 99% zinc purity.

Abhijit Nandan
- Calcutta, India




Q. Dear all,
I am very new to this field of study & am only starting to use remelting as a route to recover Zn from Zn dross. Can I have somebody define the scope of this work so that there won't be any repetition of work. Thank you.

Raghupathy Yuvaraj
- Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
September 8, 2009




Q. Dear sir,
Kindly let me know about the chemical process by which Zinc can be removed from Dross.

SURESH KUMAR
- Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
December 14, 2012




Q. Sir,
What is the process to get pure Zinc from Zinc Dross?
I understand that a pulveriser is needed to crush the zinc dross into powder form
... then what are the later steps to get Zinc?

MUNWAR SARWAR
Engineer - Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
January 18, 2014




Q. I want to know the process of recovery of zinc from zinc scrap containing 45% zinc & 55% aluminium. Please advise if anybody knows process.

RAJENDRA

CHITTARANJAN RAJENDRA
- VADODARA, GUJARAT, INDIA
December 30, 2017


A. Refinement of zinc top dross with recovery of 82% yield and purity level is 99.4 to 99.7% and reduction in iron content is .05 to .08 is being done.

SANJAY KR SINHA
- jharkhand, India
August 1, 2018


A. Refinement of zinc top dross can be established with low cost near about 15 lakhs.
This will give 70 mt production per month.
Yield 80% with purity level of 99.5 to 99.7%.

ASTITVA KUMAR
- JHARKHAND, India
August 21, 2020


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