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topic 3862

Removing annealing stains from stainless steel

A discussion started in 1999 but continuing through 2018


Q. I'm looking for a solution to removing discoloration of stainless steel after it has been heated in the spinning process (Annealing) Grinding and sandblasting will not give a suitable finish. If there is a acid bath that will pickle the material to a even gray color this would be acceptable. Thank you

Chuck Freeman
- Orange Park, Florida


A. Hi Chuck ,

You could try the following mixture :-

But be warned this is no mixture for an amateur to play with , the Hydrofluoric Acid is EXTREMELY dangerous and the SLIGHTEST splash on your skin will give you the MOST painful burn that you will ever experience, and the treatment is even worse



John Tenison-Woods
John Tenison - Woods
- Victoria Australia


A. Is it safe to assume you are referring to 300 series austenitic steel?

If the stainless is just oxidized (i.e., brown), merely dip it briefly in hydrochloric acid (0.5-1 normal) and then rinse thoroughly. The oxides are readily soluble and are quickly removed. Don't let the stainless stay in contact with the HCl for too long, as the chromium component in the metal is soluble in the acid and you will damage the part.


Dale Woika
SCSC - State College, Pennsylvania

sidebar2 2001
Q. Hello, we've had a little problem on a job, the kitchen sink got splashed with caustic soda , leaving dark stain marks? The question is: how can we clean it up? Thanks for your help
Samuel Herren
building and decorating - Alexandria, NSW, Australia

Q. Problem is there are discolorations 'stainlike' and irregular in pattern on the polished portion of my ss sink. When these stains are wet they disappear. As soon is it dries they reappear exactly the same. What can I do to keep them invisible ?
Richard Durocher
- LaSalle, Ontario, Canada

Ed. note: We have severl threads about stains in stainless steel kitchen sinks, including topic 19035. Lets reserve this thread for the problem of preventing/removing stains from the industrial process of annealing :-)

Annealed SS tubes come out green or black

September 4, 2018

Q. We annealing some ss 304 tubes at 1000 degrees Temperature--some tubes comes out with green colour sometimes black color
Kindly let me know the right process.

Saravan Shiva
Manufacturer - India Bangalore

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