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topic 3836

Best Masking Materials & Methods for Anodizing

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A discussion started in 1999 and continuing through 2020 so far.
Adding your Q. / A. or Comment will restore it to our busy Current Topics page

1999

Q. What are best practice materials & methods for masking while anodizing?
Best paints?
Best plugs?
Best tapes?

Jeff Pernick
- Detroit, Michigan


1999

A. One could write a book about the best masking techniques and materials and still not answer your questions. I worked in a shop that did selective hardcoat for IBM, Boeing, and others, and we usually found that each part had its own quirks and oddities. This is one area that is more art and intuition than science. We usually had a few women who did masking almost all the time (sorry guys, women did a better job than men, since they had more patience and better dexterity). These employees made more than the standard rackers, since their work required more skill.

As to who makes masking materials, there are several firms who make a living selling plugs, tapes, paints, even plastic screws for masking. Some are probably listed in the suppliers' section of this site, and "Products Finishing" now has their suppliers' Directory at their site. We used to like to visit the masking vendors' booths at the Trade Shows such as SurFin, and with just a little bit of talking, they become most willing to send samples of the masking devices which they sell, and they would also express their willingness to make custom masking if the volume warranted it. We ended up using several suppliers, because we would find one plug from one vendor, and another plug or tape from another vendor.

One trick we learned when using tape or paint, whether it was required or not, was to give the parts a light conversion coating prior to application of paint or tape. It dramatically improved the chances that the tape or paint would stick through the whole process without undercutting or even lifting off the surface, which can be a disaster, of course.

phil johnson
Phil Johnson
- Madison Heights, Michigan

----
Ed. note: Sorry, we can't compare brands and sources on this no-registration-required site (why?). Thanks for your deft handling of the question, Phil.


sidebar 1999

Opinion! We also limited our hiring of women to jobs that were too boring for a machine:-0 (!)

But I am sure that women end up in the masking department because they are denied the opportunity to work in the plating shop, where the pay is higher, the work is easier, and there is a chance for promotion and a raise.

Never, NEVER, use the plating shop as shortcut to anywhere else. Every time the boss, or someone from another department walks through, they always want to know why all the men are standing around in circles, smoking, chatting, or reading. The tanks are loaded up, and its another 25 minutes before its time to pull on the old Rubber Gloves [affil. link to product info on Amazon] to go retrieve the racks. That's the kind of job those women maskers would really want, if they could get 'em.

tom pullizzi monitor
tom pullizi signature
Tom Pullizzi
Falls Township, Pennsylvania 


1999

Opinion! It is clearly true that not long ago it was difficult for women to break into lots of fields like medicine, engineering, law and politics, etc. And it's also true that they still have hurdles like sexual harassment in addition other problems ... but to assert that willing women are being denied jobs in plating shops today? And that such jobs are cushy?! C'mon Tom.

120 degrees, 100 percent humidity, condensate dripping down your neck from overhead pipes. Balancing a helmet on your head, while wearing goggles and a respirator so you can neither see nor breathe. And a heavy, sloppy rubber apron yanking on the back of your neck, clumsy oversize boots, slimy elbow length rubber gloves, all trying to slip down, each held in place by cramped body contortions, all day. Now, dressed like that, balance that slimy 700 pound drum of liquid caustic soda against your body, and roll it on its rim over the greasy grating. All day, day after day, for not much over minimum wage.

Right, women are begging for this opportunity to be promoted to this low paying job from hell, but are routinely denied it: Earth to Pullizzi, Earth to Pullizzi :-)

Ted Mooney, finishing.com Teds signature
Ted Mooney, P.E.
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
Striving to live Aloha


1999

thumbs up sign Hi Tom, I noticed the comments about women platers. Whatever you do, don't let me boss hear you say that (she's my mother too BTW). She's been running plating/anodizing lines for 36 years. We've tried to convince her to pick up some work in the office and train someone to run the line(s). No can do, she does it 8+ hours a day for 30+ years. Yep, I'll agree with you, women would LOVE this job if they could get a hold on it, heck my boss won't let it go :)

Matthew Stiltner
plating company - Toledo, Ohio



To minimize search efforts and to offer multiple viewpoints, we combined previously separate threads onto this page. Please forgive any resultant repetition, failures of chronological order, or what may look like readers disrespecting previous responses -- those other responses may not have been on the page at the time :-)



Masking for Anodizing

2000

Q. I am looking for an anodizing masking method to prevent an area of a part from anodizing.

Tony Prosser
- Tucson, Arizona


2000

A. The most common methods are tape, liquid masking (paint like) and solid masking methods like plugs.

James Watts
- Navarre, Florida


2000

Hi Tony,

Since this guy is roaming around here and he keeps tabs on my posts *GRIN*. Call Mark at U.S. Specialty Color. They sell a liquid maskant that can be purchased in 1 gallon and 5 gallon containers; I've got a 1 gallon can myself and it will probably last me a very long time, and its relatively inexpensive, around $35-40 for a 1 gal. container. If you're looking for something more along the lines of caps, plugs or tapered masks, well take your pick. There's no less than 10-12 that I can think of.

Matthew Stiltner
- Toledo, Ohio

----
Ed. note: Thanks, Matthew, but we don't praise or slam brands or sources in this forum (why?)


2000

The best way depending on the flatness of the area is the liquid maskant. I use about 1 gallon per week for flat surfaces and it works faster and cleaner than tapes, but if you want to use tape C.S. Hyde have a green poly tape, inexpensive and can be dye cut to the right size with a release liner, we're talking pennies here for over 5K. Liquid mask is best put on by silk screen ( you can get a cheap one from a PCB supplier if they have some around and screens are also low cost.

steve bradley
- Ottawa Ontario Canada



Masking Aluminum parts for Chromic Acid Anodizing

2001

Dear Sirs,

We are always have many problems with masking aluminum parts for Chromic Acid Anodizing (Type I Class I). If anyone can suggest the masking solution for this process?

Thanks in advance.

Ian Lisakov
- Israel


2001

A. There are many ways of doing masking on aluminium.

One way I can suggest is by using a special ink which is printed on the area to be masked and then a special powder is applied and it is baked till the powder and ink melt and resolidify. It can then be used to either etch or do multicolouring. The masked area covered is removed by a special solvent.

Hope this solves your problem. If not search the web for dyes for anodized aluminium.

H.KHATAU
- Bombay, INDIA


2001

A. Dear sir:

There are maskings which are a liquid that dries off in 24 hrs. Hope this will solve your problem.

Thomas VK
- Mumbai, India



EPDM plugs melting during anodize

September 2, 2020

Q. Checking to see if anybody else has dealt with this issue. We were having certain plugs (PP30 and PP37) deteriorate during type Ib chromic anodize. We then changed suppliers and they worked fine for a while. Now we are starting to see the issue again. Neither of the suppliers are able to explain it either.

3836-1a

3836-1b

We use many EPDM plug sizes. Both larger and smaller. It is just this size we are having the issues with.
We are stumped on this one. Any thoughts?

Tyler Barnhart
- Chanute, Kansas, USA


October 2020

A. Hi Tyler. Because chromic acid is highly corrosive and extremely oxidizing, I'd probably be happy that all the other sizes are holding up well. Per some chemical resistance charts I've looked at, there is no non-exotic elastomer that holds up as well -- neoprene, vinyl, and silicone all rank worse. Fluoropolymer plugs (Viton, PVDF, Teflon) would be more resistant but I don't know if they are available.

Luck & Regards,

pic of Ted Mooney
Ted Mooney, P.E. RET
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
Aloha -- an idea worth spreading


October 30, 2020

A. Hi Tyler. You may want to establish a process you can determine the life of the plug then rotate them out based off your study. For example. Have 10 bins. New plugs go in first bin. After first use, they go in to the second bin so on and so forth. Once determined how many cycles they can go through, discard them prior to that cycle.

Casey Weizel, President
Foresight Finishing LLC
supporting advertiser
- Tempe, Arizona

Foresight Finishing


Type IB, Class 1 aluminum anodizing issue associated with mask

October 22, 2020

Q. I'm a Quality Manager new to the aerospace/defense industry and have been asked to assist with an issue associated with our anodizing process. I'm a Chem Engr by training, but it has been a while.

A portion of our production is processed through Chem Film (alodine), masked and then processed through our Type Ib, class 1 anodize.

We see a dark defect underneath the mask, approximately 1mm interior from the edge and around the entire perimeter of the mask.

We ramp at 1 volt per min to 22 volts and then soak for 40 minutes. The quality of the anodize is good, except for the defect.

Dean Spaugh
- San Antonio Texas


October 24, 2020

? How are you masking the part? Is it plugs or are you using some type of material to mask larger areas?

Tyler Barnhart
- Chanute, Kansas


October 26, 2020

Q. We use a tape with polyester carrier and silicone adhesive. We are evaluating a different tape: polyester backing and liner with rubber adhesive (3M 8985L)

Dean Spaugh [returning]
- San Antonio Texas

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