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topic 0982p2

Gunsmith Bluing

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A discussion started in 1997 but continuing through 2017


Q. At the present time I have just retired, and was thinking of going into gun repair with my son-in-law who will be getting out of the Navy soon. We would be looking into restoring guns. We are looking for any information on the how gun bluing is done (hot bluing that is) -- any information would be of great help to us. Books, type of material, type of tools, etc.

Robert M [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
self employed/retired - Fairfield, Maine

Ed. note: Our "must have" book list is a good start to such a library, Also please see our FAQ on Black Oxide vs, Cold Blackening.


A. I'd like to thank all of the responses here. I have been saving some victims of neglect myself. I bought a cold chemical blue kit and have had decent results. After careful prep work, and I mean tedious hours of prep work, I still believe that no matter how fine the finished product, If you don't keep the weapon cleaned and oiled you'll be right back where you started. It is important also that those of us who know, teach the less informed in the art of tool and toy care. One more note on all of this. Be very careful about the decision to strip and refinish any older gun or any other surface for that matter, you may seriously reduce its value.

DANIEL S [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
Arden, North Carolina

Indeed, Daniel, a blackened finish offers virtually zero corrosion protection by itself; it is the oil that you put on it that provides the protection.

Ted Mooney, Teds signature
Ted Mooney, P.E. - Pine Beach, New Jersey
Striving to live Aloha


A. Bluing gun parts.
As a gun interested hunter I often want to change parts of my guns or improve the surface of the parts. In beginning , bluing was a problem. But using heat I discovered that my gun parts got nice color. Adding some cold bluing - and my gun parts had the desired color. I use Acetone [affil. link to product info on Amazon] to clean the parts. Then three times in a small furnace at 250 °C three times with new cold bluing solution each time. Remember that bluing steel is like a paint job on your car. You have to do the job properly.

Stein Eric B [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]


Q. I have been looking for information on reblueing firearms because I have a lot of older weapons. This information put out in this site is the best that I have seen. I think I would like to try some cold bluing on a DD barrel I have if anyone could give me a good product name and the best thing to strip the metal with I would be grateful. Its nice to find other people interested in guns. GOOD SITE!

Barry W [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
Pasadena, California


Q. Anybody have any tips on cold bluing the end of the barrel? I have a Taurus M605CH (2" .357 Magnum Revolver) that seems to lose the bluing from barrel end after every twenty rounds. I've learned how to get pretty good results using a bluing pen, but retouching is getting tiring. Oh, for those of you considering touch up work, be careful of the original finish, cold-blueing products can strip it pretty fast.

John S [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
- Ft. Huachcua, Arizona





Q. Could you tell me how to fill in Rust pits on a barrel to prepare it for bluing...I bought a Mauser 98 and it had rust pits under the stock not very many but with the new stock it shows...

George F [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
- Vista California


A. For George F's question about welding out "pits" on his Mauser 98 barrel. You would have to strip the barrel of its color by turning it in a lathe. Using a fine tooth file, cut just the surface to new clean base metal. Use a carbide burr to burr out those areas of pitting. Last step? Degrease in a caustic cleaner.

Now find/buy some 4130 copper flashed welding rod, smallest diameter you can get.Take the 4130 rod with you to someone who does "TIG" welding. Make sure he preheats your barrel to deep straw before he starts using the rod to fill your burred out pits. He has to keep the barrel hot, stopping to reheat if necessary. After all pits are filled, you have to heat the whole barrel up to 800 °F to 900 °F and hold at that temp for five or so minutes. This will help normalize the thermal shook between the barrel and the filled pits. Hand file down the filled pits until flush with the rest of the barrel. Back into the lathe and turn. Now here is where you need to file and sandpaper the barrel to approximate the original barrel surface texture. When your satisfied, you can see if hot bluing gives you the appearance you desire. if the welds show? You might have to have the barrel rust blued. That's all there is to it. Or ... find a professional restorer and save your mind.

Michael H [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
Paradise, California


Oxynate No. 7

[affiliate link by editor to product info at Brownells]

Q. All I am seeing here is real old formulas and Brownell's #7.

I would like any response anybody has on Unibath bluing system? I want to add bluing to my shop but I want what is best for me AND my customers. #7 salts are REAL corrosive, I mean they will eat porcelain tops off of cook stoves. This is a big responsibility to have around with kids in the neighborhood. I don't restore antique firearms since that take a special type of gunsmith (my clients hunt deer and turkey) so I need a good set up. Thanks for any replies.

David S [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
- Trenton, Georgia


A. I work part time for a local gunsmith and my job consists mostly of cleaning and bluing. The key factor for a pleasing finished product is the polishing. Sanding or polishing to about 600 will leave a beautiful finish. Hot bluing on a small scale (less than 6-10 guns at a time) seems to be expensive because of the tanks salts and propane required. However, for a single gun rust bluing might be the answer to your problem. it is time consuming but leaves a satin luster just like on fine English doubles and is more durable.

brian smith
- baton rouge, Louisiana


Q. I have been an avid Winchester collector for many years and I'm looking for detailed instructions on the process of rust bluing used by Winchester and others. I'm not looking to do Rust Bluing, just want to know the process and what chemicals were used. Can anyone point me to information on how it was done?

Jerry C [last name deleted for privacy by Editor]
- Tupelo, Mississippi


A. I started researching rust bluing in 1963 and am still going!

This method gives the best finish in my opinion. I have a lot of stuff on the subject including some original documents from Vickers Ltd . The book "Firearm Blueing and Browning" [affil. link to book on Amazon] by Angier gives many solutions, try the Swiss arsenal formulae, I have an original bottle of this that I was given in Bern in 1979. It works but I like mixing my own! When you have the parts polished hold them under a slowly running hot tap and polish with 600 Wet or Dry paper when the water 'wets up' the complete surface dry with tissue and apply solution . Use cotton wool held in a clothes peg soak the wool in solution but squeeze most back into the bottle!

Don't get solution on skin and don't touch the steel. Don't bother with getting a mirror finish on the steel just get all the "Tool marks" going the same way !

let coated parts rust in a warm place until red rusty this may take 24 hours! Boil parts in soft water repeat soft water for ten minutes. Then remove wipe dry and allow to cool. Rub off black dust with oil free steel wool. You will be quite disappointed to see almost no effect . If you have a greyish tint all is well , recoat the parts and repeat the process.When rubbing off the black oxide dust do a thorough job especially in corners, etc. After 5 to 7 passes you should have a durable blue black finish that can even be burnished with a fine revolving wire brush.

I promise that when you get the hang of rust bluing you will never bother with cold blue again apart from touching up.This is NOT a difficult process, you can even blue parts without a tank by holding the rusted parts in the steam from a kettle .I have even blued 12 gauge barrels this way as you get no water in the rib joints.FN Browning finish soft soldered barrels like this. Often as the blue starts to form the black dust can be rubbed off with a wet cloth instead of steel wool,try small STEEL wire brushes instead of steel wool if you want, don't use brass brushes they leave a brass film . When the blue looks OK still give one more pass but boil for a little longer , say 5 minutes more to stop after rusting. The rusting periods will take longer of course as the protective coat builds up .

When finished I coat the parts with motor oil or underbody protective wax then leave for 2 days to let the finish "set". In 36 years of hobby gun restoring about the hardest job has been typing this with one finger! I hope this has been of help.

Has anybody got detailed information on the EXACT rust bluing as carried out by DWM ,Mauser, ERFURT, Sauer und Sohn and other arsenals? I have steam chambers and copies of the W+F BERN, RSAF Enfield, HAMMERLI, and other firms such as BRNO. Apart from unpublished formulae I would like to know how complex parts could be so smoothly rust blued. RSAF Enfield MAY have used fine husks or powdered walnut shells to "Scratch off" the black oxide dust . DWM MAY have used tumbling barrels with powdered Arkansas stone mixed with sawdust. Has anyone tried using a cartridge case cleaner for this purpose?

Good luck to anybody starting out on rust bluing I hope you have as much fun as I have had over the years . To get you started here is the 1877 W+F BERN solution that works well. Later solutions were similar but with a little copper sulphate added:Ferric chloride solution {29%?} 66 grams Mercuric chloride 18 grams, Alcohol 20 grams, Nitric acid 15 grams, Distilled water 1 liter. Dissolve the Mercuric chloride in the alcohol first and add the acid last. Better still have a druggist mix it for you. NEVER plug the bottle tightly as it tends to ferment a bit at first I have used this solution for many years without trouble but take no responsibility for it.GOOD LUCK!

T H Deary
- Norwich, Norfolk, England

Thanks, Mr. Deary. Readers should know that mercuric chloride is, of course, a mercury salt. Here in the states we can't even easily get mercury sealed within a glass thermometer anymore, so it may prove difficult to buy loose quantities of mercury compounds :-)

Ted Mooney, Teds signature
Ted Mooney, P.E. - Pine Beach, New Jersey
Striving to live Aloha

Mark Lee Blue #1

[affiliate link by editor to product info at Brownells]


A. I have been experimenting with Rust bluing, and I believe I've found a way that is working well. I tried mixing my own solution but they didn't work well (and were a hell of a lot more expensive) than using the "Mark Lee Express Blue #1" =>
It comes with good instructions.

The Roy Dunlap book, "Gunsmithing" [affil. link to book on Amazon], gives several formula's, but the cheapest way to get information is to get the Metal Finishing Magazine reprint from Brownells - it's only about a $1. The Big expense is a tank a burner large enough to put a barrel in $300 bucks or so. But if all you're doing is pistols you can boil them in a pot on the kitchen stove! Go ahead and buy the larger carding brush from Brownells, you'll have trouble finding bristles soft enough locally.

Liberon 0000 steel wool [affil. link to Rockler] is made without oil and is MUCH better to use than oily stuff you normally buy. Degrease thoroughly, and don't leave the Lee solution on too long or it will pit your metal. After 5 or 6 passes it will start to look like what you want. I think if you weren't doing rifles you could probably get started from scratch for less than $50 bucks. You need the Lee solution, a carding brush, degreaser, degreased steel wool, and something to boil your parts in. Good luck

David R. Jones Jr.
- OKC, Oklahoma

affil. link
Sight Black


Q. This may be the equivalent of preaching heresy, but can anyone direct me towards a temporary gun sight blacking product, something to take the glare/shine off my foresight and shoulders of my backsight?

Years ago I had an aerosol of Gun Sight Black made by Browning, but cannot get it now. I fire competition pistol in the Irish Army, with the pistol having to be holstered after each practice, with the resultant shining of the sights. I am currently burning rags soaked in burnt oil to blacken the pistol.

- help!

Gregory O'Keeffe
- Cork, Ireland


A. RE: Sight Blackening:

Creedmoore Sports of CA sells Rig Blackout, Sight Black Spray, or a Gun House Carbide Lamp; any will work well if you can't find a Butane lighter sooty enough or have plastic sights.

David. R. Jones Jr. [returning]
- OKC, Oklahoma


A. I was just at a muzzle loader shoot this weekend. I ask the old timer's there about browning. They responded that the old method of browning was performed by using stale urine. Sounds gross but they all swore by it. According to them it was rubbed into the barrel, allowed to set for a period of time, the rinsed of and dried. The process was repeated until the desired finish was achieved. I suppose if you talked to someone or looked it up you could find the ingredients of urine and make this solution, or use what nature has given you.

Chris LaMaster
- Guilford, Missouri


Q. My question is for mr. Tommy Burttschell the master gunsmith

I am wondering what is the difference in polishing grits for bluing , I don't have trouble with my bluing staying on the weapons but I just haven't got the shines that I would like and I was hoping that mr. Burttschell could send me in the right direction on the grits or another method .

lamb portrait
Mike Lamb(pres. & owner of the Lone sStar Rattlesnake Handlers Assoc. here)
Brownwood, Texas


A. Hi,

I see you haven't had a reply from the respected master gunsmith so I thought maybe an answer from a S&W Academy and Beretta school graduate with 30 years gunsmithing experience may be helpful.

affil. link

Just as in sanding wood the different grits will impart different finishes on the material, i.e., the lower grit rating such as 240 will leave a rougher finish on the metal and the higher the grit rating the finer the finish or as you put it"shinier" the finish will be. Excellent polishing compounds are available from Brownells [affil. link by editor]

Many gunsmiths will for a field grade blue only finish the metal ending with a 400 grit polish, using rougher grits and then working up to the 400 polish then degreasing, bluing, neutralizing and lubricating. It is possible to obtain mirror finish polishing using tripoli [affil. link to product info on Amazon] and jeweler's rouge [affil. link to product info on Amazon] or Fabulustre [affil. link to product info on Amazon] the later two of these polishes are used by Jewelers to impart mirror finishes on Gold, Silver and Platinum. be careful with these polishes as they will lap into the metal and must be cleaned thoroughly before any finish is applied!

You didn't mention what type of bluing you are using i.e., rust, hot salts, liquid or dry chemical. This is important as many chemical liquid compounds have acids designed to etch the metal to assist the chemical blackening ingredients achieve their means and will dull the luster of the finish when applied and no matter how shiny the finish is when the chemical is applied the end result will be a dull finish.

If you are using Hot salts bluing the temperature of the salts are of utmost importance, i.e., overheating the salts will not only harm the bath but will also cause reactive damage to the metal you are trying to blue. There are many metal alloys that will respond differently to all sorts of bluing some metals will take a deep blue at lower temperatures than others and some cast metals are copper bearing and and will come out of the bath with a reddish cast, sometimes raising and lowering the temperature of the bath or cooling the metal in a cold water bath between submersion in the salts will help and sometimes not. Many cast metals you will play the devil and it will never blue!

Also different heat treating methods are used on firearms and this will affect the way the blue "takes" some frames or slides only had the intended area heated and air hardened and this makes for a super hard surface and the bluing sometimes will not be even.

I don't care for the liquid chemical blues and always use hot salts blue or rust blues for firearms.

As for the pretty rainbow colors on many shotgun receivers, best leave this to the nuts like myself with the high temperature ovens, cyanide and blow pots! Send these receivers to a pro for the color case hardening!

The key to beautiful finishes on metals is Polish and cleaning before heading to the tanks. Gunsmiths use many different types of wheels i.e., wire, muslin, felt, stitched, loose and wheels of different diameters loaded with polishing compounds and spin them at speeds from a few hundred RPMs to three to four thousand RPMs, and you can take this to the bank! It is easier to take metal away than it is to put it back. My advise is to practice on cheap junk guns before you jump on that gun your Grandad gave you before he passed on!

It is difficult for a beginner using a buffing wheel not to drag screw holes or round off corners or remove markings!, this makes for a repulsive finished product! Many times I would liberate paint stirrer sticks from the paint store and glue silicon carbide sandpaper of the desired grits to the sticks and use these to polish flat surfaces to keep everything flat, and while using the buffing wheels on the barrel keep the work moving at different angles to the wheel and DO NOT SLOW DOWN FOR PITS! as you will make dips in the barrel that are noticeable when sighting the firearm! Bluing will not hide any metal surface defect!

Practice and experience are the best teachers and those who are afraid learn are just like my Uncle Clarence, we go bird hunting and he hardly shoots from fear of missing and being laughed at! Needless to say if it weren't for the Piggly Wiggly he would have starved years ago.

In these days of mass produced stamped-out and Polymer framed firearms it seems that workmanship and pride in beauty and craftsmanship is slowly ebbing away. Those of you who are interested in gunsmithing will find the best teachers in the library or book store many of the authors are dead and gone but were thoughtful in leaving their priceless knowledge behind.These books may not be on the shelf but may be ordered, also check on-line auctions, sometimes you can luck up on an out of print masterpiece.

Many inferior gunsmiths (parts changers) do not understand metals, heat treating, fit and function, and do not care to learn and unless Sony comes out with a Gunsmith Playstation game they will probably die just as clueless as they were born. My advise to them is do something simple like pushing a camel through the eye of a needle or play the stock market and leave the gunsmithing to the guys who are never to old to learn!

Best of luck to our future gunsmiths, I hope our government will not outlaw the ownership of firearms and press the trade into demise.

Respectfully Submitted

Timothy Bell
- Lake City South Carolina


Q. This is to timothy bell

Thank you for that info that will be very helpful to me. I am just starting out (a part changer) but I am and have always been interested in guns and how they work and the making of the barrels, etc. I am one of those that will never be to old to learn new ways and stuff .

I am learning a lot about the metals and that just because there are two Tauros pt92/99 9 mm and they look alike that doesn't mean that they will blue the same or polish the same. I have came across this.

lamb portrait
mike lamb [returning]
- brownwood texas


A. In regards to the proper bluing or browning of firearms, the most important process is the degreasing and removal of all oxides and pitting. Slow rust bluing requires the solution to touch the bare metal surface of the firearm parts and will not penetrate a film of oil or old bluing which would cause a patchy undesirable finish. A high polish is not required because the acids in the bluing solution will etch the metal surface to give a pleasing satin finish.

To start the process of bluing, have all your equipment ready at hand. After polishing, coat the parts with dish washing detergent and scrub in hot water. Place the parts in your tank and boil in a solution of washing soda [affil. link to product info on Amazon] (sodium carbonate) and hydrated lime [affil. link to product info on Amazon] (calcium hydroxide). Boil for about 20 minute as this will turn all the oil and grease on the parts into soap and will clean the parts thoroughly.

affil. link
WD-40 5 gallons

From this point on, wear gloves when handling parts to keep the oils in your skin from contaminating the parts. Remove the parts and let cool until comfortable to handle and wipe the parts with a cotton ball dampened with a 7% solution of hydrochloric acid (HCL). This will neutralize the carbonate and lime on the parts and also act as a pickle or "kick in the ass" to activate your bluing solution. Moisten a cotton ball with bluing solution, underline moisten, and coat the parts with even strokes. Place parts where they can be exposed to the atmosphere on all sides. After a couple of hours you will see a coat of rust forming on the parts.This is good and humidity has a lot to do with it. The higher the humidity, the better the coating. When the parts are covered with a good coat of rust, boil the parts in a CLEAN bath for 20 to 30 minutes. Now your parts have turned black. Remove this coating with #000 oil free 0000 steel wool [affil. link to Rockler] and recoat the parts with solution as before. DO NOT make more than one pass over the parts or you will wipe off the small amount of oxide of the previous pass. Each time you make a pass, you will notice the parts a little darker. Sometimes you may get a good color after 6 passes. Other times it may take as many as ten. It all has to do with the humidity in the air. After your last pass, add washing soda to the boiling water to neutralize your solution and prevent any after rusting. Immediately after removing the parts from the last bath, coat the parts with WD-40 [affil. link to product info on Amazon] or Marvel Mystery Oil to cure and bring out the color of your work. I'll bet that your first attempt looks like hell but don't despair. Just put it back in the washing soda tank and start all over or follow the advice given so many times before, "Let a professional do it"! The bluing solution is as follows:

Slowly add the acid to the water stirring constantly in a three litre beaker. When mixed, place the beaker in a larger vessel and pack the outside of the beaker with ice. Add cast iron chips until no more reaction takes place. Remove the beaker and let warm to ambient temperature and add more chips. When no more bubbles are formed, the solution is complete. You now have a muddy mess but this will change. Pour the liquid into a gallon brown glass jug and set aside. After a couple of weeks, the solids in suspension will have settled out and a clear yellowish liquid will remain. Carefully pour the clear liquid into brown bottles until the bottom material in the gallon jug starts to move. Discard the rest. This mixture is cheap to make and will keep forever. Also, there is enough for several hundred guns.Good luck.

David F. Fiola
- Godfrey, Illinois


A. To Mr. Lamb.

With that rattlesnake in your hand I'll tell you anything you want to know about bluing. The gentleman right after your question is 100% right. Follow his instructions. A lot of folks think the polishing is done after the bluing. Wrong. The bluing results are no better than the polishing before hand. Majority of my standard bluing is stopped at the 400 grit. If heavily pitted and customer doesn't want to spend money on removing these, I stop at 320 grit.

I hope I get to meet you at the next snake roundup in Freer.

Please let me know if you have any more questions.

To: Timothy Bell

Mr. Bell, what a pleasure to read what someone has to say about this subject who knows what he is doing. I truly believe that no other work put out by a gunsmith speaks about his work more than bluing. So much time learning to do this. I know of nothing else in the trade (metal working) that takes this long to learn and produce correctly. I would highly suggest that anyone wanting to learn how to blue, if you can, go to work for a full time shop. (free of course) Offer to do anything for the knowledge.The best printed instructions are only a guide. Enjoy the trade. I have.

Tommy Burttschell
Master Gunsmith - Pinehurst, Texas


thumbs up signGentlemen:

I have read all of your excellent formulae for gun bluing or coloring whatever. You need chemicals right?

Well, I am now a lawyer by profession, but more than a decade ago, in my high school days, when I used to practice gunsmithing (making guns so to speak), for gun coloring, I only need a rug, emery cloth, junk oils, and fire. No more. And the metal coloring would stand even to the best and priciest guns, commercially available, I have ever seen.

Of course the secret is a gunsmith's secret, that was passed on generations thru generations.

Good luck amateurs!

Atty. Johan A. Tabuzo
- Philippines


A. With respect to the attorney in the Philippines. Heat bluing is an old process and requires very little skill or special training. It can be done with most steels and the temperature will dictate the color of blue. Quenching in oil is said to 'set' the color. There may be some very old family secrets you have but heat bluing is fairly well known.

Good luck in the courts.

William Stanley
- Seattle, Washington


A. I recently had a crash course in tinkering with old guns. Since I came out of it with a finish, beginners might play with old cheap guns like this. I wouldn't recommend playing with anything you already like the look of ! (lol)

I recently made a "lottery ticket" purchase of an old lever action. Of the two owners in a gun store I was browsing, a customer wanted to sell an old Marlin. Since that owner present grades only handguns, it would have to wait for the next day. One day off work was too much, and I had my chance to look at it. The action worked, but was stiff, and small wonder. It had been SPRAY PAINTED. (Yes, you read that right ! Cheap, Black Spray paint!). The bore wasn't 100%, and I didn't have "Mr Goodwrench" with me. (one of two "mentors" in anything mechanical. YOU know the Since all my friends are huge gun collectors, go figure I wanted to get a really good gun, really cheap, and have a decent outcome, win bragging points. Keep in mind this thing had all the metal (even the interior action....arrrgh!) spray painted. If I got a decent coating on, anyone can.

I took my snap decision to Mr goodwrench. He wasn't home, wife was, I proceeded to disassemble the lever action as best I could. Mr Goodwrench looked the numbers and model up, measured barrel, etc, and pronounced it a good find, if fixed. He liked it. I got the stocks off, and we inspected the metal underneath in its entirety. Clearly, it became apparent the previous owner had removed the stocks, sanded them (beautifully, I might add. He must have worked with wood. He must have sanded the rust off the metal, and spray painted it, thinking gun finish was "special paint"...arrgh!)

Well, you can all picture this: while I'm inspecting a loose rear stock, Mr GW completely disassembles the action and puts it all in a big ziploc bag. I got an old half gallon of paint stripper, and made a rough tank out of aluminum foil, big enough for barrel and parts. In several minutes, the paint sang off. If you want to strip an old cheap gun of liberally applied spray paint in seconds, this is the way to go about it. No muss, no fuss.

After cajoling rust off as best I could, the heavy pitting on the top of the barrel that showed, as well as both flat side plates of the action area, was apparent. This thing might damned well shoot, the more the action was oiled and worked, CRISP trigger. But it wasn't ever going to impress the eye. I went for cheap functional, and just wanted "everyman" bluing to cover this 50 dollar find that had lain rusting in a basement for 50 years, in case it worked. We're talking wal-mart Birchwood Casey here folks.

I am so happy to see everyone talking about sandpaper [affil. link to product info at Rockler], I thought I was crazy trying it on the pitting. I had thought wet dry finish-paint-rub grit was in order, but I kept reaching for ever heavier grit in the assortment I had purchased. I accidentally had 400-something as my roughest, and I was wishing for much grittier.

The BirchWood Casey stripper works well. As quick as the paint stripper removed the paint, the BWC stripper removed what bluing was left in places. After rather vigorous sanding, something resembling a decent shooter started to emerge. I have to go back and sand out a little more in a few places, but the results of six to ten coats, whatever, as many as it takes, isn't too bad. I use tiny bits of cheap sponges, a little glob I rip off a big old cheap one. It works equally well for stripper or bluer.

Careful with the little sponge when applying the bluing. Try not to scrub with it, or you'll just loosen up the oxidation you're shooting for. I didn't know all this till AFTER I was done. I was scared at first when I saw what looked like RUST....but once oiled with gun oil looks okay. I know, you can see where it was pitted, but this thing was so horrible, yet the action so glass smooth and trigger so crisp, I had to try. I found out it put one inch groups or better at thirty yards, and I live in heavy hill/brush area. 30/30's are well respected around here, and having a "35" lever action now, I'm tickled pink.

The stock got a dark treatment with Minwax Preconditioner [affil. link to product info at Rockler] for soft wood (fingernail test? lol), then Minwax Wood Finish [affil. link to product info at Rockler] in dark walnut. Liberal dark walnut, left on for at least twenty minutes. The excess wiped off, and left to dry on a coat hanger hook, the stocks have a slight "stickum" feel to them, but look dark and aged. I was surprised at how much I liked the slight "stickum" feeling. I was going to finish clear it and buff it, but like the sure grip. Its not darkening my hands, and I can't see any handling marks.

Again. This isn't a presentation piece, but it has a coating and its a surprisingly good shooter. The little pin spots of whatever down the bore here and there turned out not to matter much. Actually, I'm going to loosen up on my pickiness on bores when looking for bargains at used gun places. I have no problem toting this thing around in inclement weather, and certainly don't mind if I accidentally rub it against a tree to bench a shot. I know I can strip and blue it in about an hour, and while waiting for bluing to stand for a few minutes, I can wipe down the stocks with dark walnut, though none had been required. The tackiness that doesn't stain the hand, does seal out water amazingly well.

I don't buy thousand dollar guns, simply because you're just using them up by shooting them. I target shoot way more than I actually hunt. If you have an expensive gun, let a professional gunsmith do the work. But if the stocks solid, and the action works okay, take a chance for a few bucks. trying to see past the rust on the outer finish can be hard, but some awful good bargains can be had in such a manner. Not to mention, I get an introduction to metal finishing in the bargain. Now I ain't afraid to finally do something with that perfectly good shooting .22 my late grandfather gave me (only thing, that just has an old but solid stock and a patina of rust all over it. It isn't dollar worth what a real gunsmith would have to charge, but its actually in great condition compared to the above described lever action. I'll let you all know how it turns out.

Birchwood Casey "Blue and Rust Remover" and BC "Perma Blue" were under four bucks apiece, and there's TONS left over.

Sean E Duvall
- Donora, Pennsylvania

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