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topic 8339

Mechanically Galvanized Fasteners


We have a customer who has specified using ASTM A193 [affil. link to spec at Techstreet] B7 stud bolts with ASTM A194 [affil. link to spec at Techstreet] Gr 2H nuts. Both of these fasteners are to be mechanically galvanized to ASTM B695 [affil. link to spec at Techstreet]-85, class 50 thickness minimum, with type II yellow chromatic treatment.The nuts are tapped oversize to allow tightening by hand.

1.Do these treatments cause any detrimental effects to the fasteners such as hydrogen embrittlement, etc?

2.Do these treatments invalidate the original specifications A-193/194 ?

3.Who might provide these treatments?

Cary White
- Nixa, Missouri


Hello Cary!

Well, I can answer two of your questions.

1)-- No, the mechanical galvanizing does not cause hydrogen embrittlement; at least not if done properly per ASTM B695. Since the process is NOT electrolytic, and all you are doing is smearing zinc powder onto the surface, you do not charge the substrate with hydrogen. The only concern you have is in the preparation of the bolt or nut for coating, as acids might be used. Yet ASTM B 695 addresses that issue, in paragraphs 5.2.2 and 5.2.3, by referring to ASTM Practices B 242, B 183, and B 322, all of which mitigate hydrogen embrittlement potential.

2)-- ASTM A193 only refers to the material from which you will make the bolt; coating the material is the province of the part (bolt) specification. And A 194, while not insisting on coating or no coating, notes that zinc coatings should not be used above 390F. Sure sounds like it's a user's choice...

Regarding who does the processing, I'd expect that one of the fine shops that support this website have this in their arsenal: but I can't speak for them.

Good luck, and I hope this helps!

lee gearhart
Lee Gearhart
metallurgist - E. Aurora, New York

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