Help with Delayed Blistering of Bright Tin Parts
I am currently trying to understand the problems with delayed blistering, with sulfate base bright acid tin. The base metal is steel, with 2/10's to 7/10's tin plating. The process samples of the bake and quench for adhesion, pass after plating but after a few months, delayed blistering happens to the part. The parts have been reworked to ensure that the cleaning process is not a problem, due to the blistering.
The configuration of the part is 6 X 6 inches square. This part is run on a return automatic line. Parts are run anywhere from 8 to 11 amps per square foot.
Does anyone have any suggestions or information that could help us out with this problem?Sue K
- Minneapolis, MN, USA
Do you see anything on the substrate surface if you peel off the blistered plating? Is the steel a free-machining alloy? I have seen plating blister after a few weeks from corrosion of the substrate by cleaning and plating liquids trapped at inclusions, especially in free-machining steel. A close look at the surfaces of the plating and substrate may also give clues to other possible problems.
materials testing laboratory
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