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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy


I am a Ph.D. student in the department of chemistry. My work is based on Corrosion study, so I want to know more about "electrochemical impedance" study and to work on that. , but I am not getting enough material on this topic. i.e., impedance spectroscopy related to corrosion process. Please suggest me some research paper, journals and Books having information on Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (connected to corrosion evaluation, if there is any source available please send it. I need all the latest information available on this topic.

Thanking you,

Punith Kumar
- Shimoga, Karnataka, India
September 2, 2010

A. Kumar,

I just typed "electrochemical impedance spectroscopy" in Google. I found about 355,000 results.

T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan
T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan
- Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
(ed.note Nov. 2017: The good doctor has a fascinating blog at https://advancementinscience.wordpress.com)

simultaneous replies

A. Kumar, part of your PhD training is to be able to find sources of information. Will you give someone else your PhD when you get it, if they tell you how to do things? I think not! I would suggest you start a literature search by using Chemical Abstracts or some other similar reference source. I, too, have just done a Google search and come up with 70,000+ references. Decide what you want to know about electrochemical impedance and corrosion and start your literature search; you will then build up your knowledge and expertise in the areas you want to specialise in.

trevor crichton
Trevor Crichton
R&D practical scientist
Chesham, Bucks, UK

A. Dear T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,

Maybe this is exactly Punith Kumar's problem. So many sources and not knowing which one is a reliable one. Even if I try to limit my search to "corrosion investigation electrochemical impedance spectroscopy", I still get 47.000 hits and a lot of them only accessible after I paid first, without knowing what I'm paying for.

So I guess Punith Kumar wants to know the titles of a few good books first, before spending his many on something which doesn't help him further.

If I was in Punith's place, I would start with:

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy: Corrosion Behavior Application: Theory, Modeling, and Experimentation - by Ndubuisi Ekekwe, for sure a technical library can offer you this.

Best regards,

Harry van der Zanden
Harry van der Zanden
- Budapest, Hungary

A. For Harry van der Zanden

I agree with your view. Sometimes it is difficult to get the right information. So, I am suggesting a starting point to Mr. Kumar.

For Kumar,

The application notes of Gamry instruments and Autolab would be a useful starting point to understand the basics of EIS.

The following links will be useful:


For specific topics on EIS, one has to refer to the research papers in that area.

T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan
T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan
- Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
(ed.note Nov. 2017: The good doctor has a fascinating blog at https://advancementinscience.wordpress.com)

Q. Dear Sankara Narayanan,
The links that you provided are not working anymore.

Gobinda Gyawali
- Korea
March 18, 2011

Ed. note-- That's pretty typical for the internet, Gobinda: 4 out of 6 links broken within 6 months .... all 6 broken when we re-checked not long afterwards :-)
Please go to the home pages that Sankara Narayanan suggested and see if the documents in question are available but relocated or try pasting the addresses he gave you into the Wayback Engine.

A. Here are some good references regarding EIS.

"Impedance Spectroscopy: Emphasizing Solid Materials and Systems," J.R. Macdonald, ed., 1987.
"Electrochemical Impedance: Analysis and Interpretation," J.R. Scully, et al, eds., 1993.
"Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment and Applications," E. Barsoukov & J.R. Macdonald, eds., 2005.
"Electrochemical Noise Measurement for Corrosion Applications," J.R. Kearns, et al, eds., ASTM 1277, 1996.

George Gorecki
- Naperville, Illinois
September 17, 2010

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