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"Preventing Red Spots and Reddish Soft Gold Plating"



Current question and answers:

October 21, 2021

Q. I am using CN-based^Alkaline non-cyanide Gold bath pH level 12.5
Operating temperature : 80 degrees
Initially my plating bath solution is very clear & transparent; now it's the 3rd month and I have plated about 40,000 sq. inches. Now it turns from clear to dense colour and I facing reddish plating finish now. How to clear impurities, and what measures I have to take? Please suggest. It's a gold flash bath and I am doing decorative plating bronze metal, then bright nickel, then gold flash, then spray lacquer coat.

Now in my bath pH is 11.5. I used to give power supply through copper wire to plating component so I feel red shade is due to copper contamination. If I confirm it is copper contamination by lab analysis how should I remove copper contamination? What steps do I have to take to maintain it clean without impurities in my bath?

a. Vasanth karunakaran
Employee - Chennai, India
^


October 25, 2021

Q. Sorry -- only now I found out it's an Alkaline bath not a cyanide bath.

a. Vasanth karunakaran [returning]
Employee - Chennai, India
^




Previous closely related Q&A's, oldest first:

2006

Q. We presently plate mid-P EN (3~5microns) on a kovar base material. This follows with, electrolytic soft gold (cyanide based, 0.6 microns minimum). After the drying process, occasionally red spots appear on the surface of the gold layer. Even rinsing with DI water at 18 megaohms does not seem to help clear away the red spots. I am looking for a way to eliminate this problem.

L.Poobalan
precision finishing - Singapore
^


2006

A. Have you tried a hot DI water rinse? Cyanide based baths are hard to rinse. Cold water rinses tend to congeal salt residues on the surface. I would make sure the gold salts are fully dissolved in hot DI water before making your adds to the bath. A hot DI rinse will also aid in faster drying as well. If using a spin dryer it's also a good idea to dedicate a dryer strictly for gold plated parts to avoid cross contamination. Good Luck!

Mark Baker
process engineer - Malone, New York
^



2007

Q. Hi guys,

I need some assistance to solve this problem: what are the probable causes of reddish gold after electroplating? This problem is intermittent to all circuits that we plate here.

Cesar Sosmeña
Process Manager - Cavite, Phillipines
^


2007

A. Cesar,
You don't mention what type of gold you are plating. Is it a hard acid gold that is cobalt or nickel hardened? A red deposit can be caused from too high a current density, too low a gold concentration in the bath, improper ph, bath contamination whether it is organic or inorganic.
1) Make sure the Au concentration and current density are both within spec.
2) Check the pH.
3) Double check temperature of the bath.
4) Make sure the brightener level is in range.
5) Have the bath checked for metallic (inorganic) impurities.
6) Put a carbon filter in the filter chamber, run for two hours, repeat process with new filter. Good Luck!

Mark Baker
process engineer - Malone, New York
^


2007

A. Hi Cesar,

Could it be a case of burnt gold plating. Please check the gold content and adjust (increase) as necessary. If you are worried about higher gold consumption due to drag out losses and prefer to operate at slightly lower gold content, you can operate at lower current density with corresponding increase in plating time to achieve the thickness required. Try increasing the solution movement as well.

regards,

Germie Maravilla
- Manila, Philippines
^


2007

Q. Hi Mark;

I use a soft gold bath or acid base gold.

Regards,

Cesar Sosmeña [returning]
- Cavite, Philippines
^


2007

A. Cesar,
I would still follow all suggestions instead of #4 (determination of brightener level). Germie Maravella had a good point regarding increasing the solution movement as well.

Mark Baker
process engineer - Malone, New York
^


"Gold Plating Technology"
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2007

A. Dear Sir,
It looks like copper contamination in the gold bath. However, please be sure of prescribed pH and Current and Voltage densities.

Shafiuddin A. Mohammed
Shafiuddin A. Mohammed
metal coating shop - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
^



December 16, 2011

Q. Dear sir.

We are doing the Electrolytic gold plating DIRECTLY on COPPER for our microwave applications.

Whereas we are not getting the yellow colour of gold, maybe the reason is some amount of copper is dissolving into the bath?

Pl. let me know how to remove impurities/ contamination/ metallic particles (copper), etc?

Boddu Jhonson
- Hyderabad, INDIA
^


December 27, 2011

A. Hi,

Reasons for reddish tint...
1. Low gild metal content in the bath
2. High pH
3. High Temperature
4. Impurities in the bath.

Hi Mark ..good to see you back..if you are there most of the precious plating sections are taken care....Season's Greetings!

t k mohan
T.K. Mohan
plating process supplier - Mumbai, India
^


December 28, 2011

A. Jhonson, before you start trying to remove impurities from you gold bath, do an analysis to find out what impurities you have in there. Also do a Hull Cell test to see whether it is the gold solution of the gold thickness at fault. What thickness of gold are you actually depositing?

trevor crichton
Trevor Crichton
R&D practical scientist
Chesham, Bucks, UK
^



February 23, 2021

Q. Hello,

I am quality engineer and would require your feedback and recommendations on a discolorations issue I am finding in one of our parts.

We are plating Gold over Nickel on a Copper base material part. The Nickel plating is as per spec AMSQQN290 [affil. link to spec at Techstreet] Class 2 and the Gold plating is as per spec ASTM B488 [affil. link to spec at Techstreet] Type III Code A; thickness 0.00001 (10 micro inch).

The discolorations observed on the gold plated area; like brownish (burnt) or purplish color instead of the yellowish color, which we see for gold as part of the visual appearance. This brownish / purplish color will be gone when brushed using a brass brush slightly and is visible on 100% of the parts plated (the qty plated is 300 parts).

Since the gold thickness is low and gold plating is a "Soft Gold", the plating is done n the gold strike bath (no brighteners added in the gold strike bath).

44804-1

Please provide your feedback on this issue and let me know what would be the recommendations to prevent the purple/brownish (burnt) color, as we have more qty to be plated. Looking for your valuable feedback/recommendations.

Thanks,

Elias Thomas
- Chicago, Illinois
^


February 2021

A. Hi Elias. We attached your inquiry to one of several threads we have on discoloration of gold plating, and there should be food for thought while you are awaiting further input.

But I think a big part of the problem is the attempt to use a gold strike bath as a decorative plating bath. First, it's not designed to be decorative and it's not designed for deposits even of 10 microinches. Secondly, once it's been in operation a while it will be high in nickel and other contaminants because it designed to activate the nickel by dissolving oxides. Thirdly, strikes are designed as 'garbage collection' steps to keep bad stuff out of your gold plating bath.

I am not a hands-on gold plater, just a bookworm, so I'm happy to be corrected if others say you should be able to do proper plating from this strike bath ... but I will be surprised if I learn that :-)

Luck & Regards,

pic of Ted Mooney
Ted Mooney, P.E. RET
Striving to live Aloha
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
^

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