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Silver plating with silver nitrate




Q. Can you please elaborate on the process used to deposit the silver coating:
"Dissolve nitrate in 50 gr water, add ammonium chloride dissolved in same amount of water, and then add sodium thiosulphate [on eBay or Amazon] dissolved in 900 ml water"
"Please supply some instructions on the process of immersion silver coating from a silver nitrate bath and a reducing agent (2-part silvering solution)."


Application instruction please. Attached is a video of silver deposition:
[video of proprietary process deleted by editor]

Can you help with chemical formula for the same?

Nirmal jain
- Mumbai, India
February 9, 2021


A. Hi cousin Nirmal. Goran offered a generic formula for this and its origin -- have you had a chance to make up a batch and try it? The application method, whether placing the parts in the solution, or brushing on the solution, or spraying it with the parts on a spin table will depend on what you are trying to coat. But the parts must be very clean and properly acid activated.

Sorry, but we can't post your video of a trade secret product, and ask people to post information about its secret composition -- that would be very close to crowd-sourcing industrial espionage :-)
You have to either buy a proprietary product, or start with published generic formulas and possibly improve upon them.

Good luck.

Regards,

pic of Ted Mooney
Ted Mooney, P.E. RET
Striving to live Aloha
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey




⇩ Closely related postings, oldest first ⇩



Ed. note: Apologies for the stream of consciousness but, perhaps because of the vague title of this page, readers have mixed in chrome-look paint, with mirror silvering, with immersion silvering onto copper, with electrodeposition of silver, with making of silver cyanide :-(

Q. Dear Sir,

My friend wants to do silver plating with silver nitrate. He needs your help. If he wants to make silver cyanide from silver nitrate, how to do it?

Thanks,

Hashemi
- Shahinshahr, Esfahan, Iran
2003


A. For silver plating, use of cyanide is common and you can find silver cyanide in every shop, but if you want to get silver cyanide from nitrate, mix the 2x molar equivalent of sodium cyanide with silver nitrate to have Ag(CN)2 complex. Be careful from cyanide gas that may release from acidic solution and may kill your friend!

Vahid Hosseyni
- Tehran, Iran
2003


A. Good advice, Mr. Hosseyni. When an experiment has a great possibility of very dangerous or serious result, it can be foolhardy to try to read about how to do it. Hashemi's friend should have personal hands-on instruction, not free Internet advice, second-hand no less, before working with cyanide.

Ted Mooney, finishing.com
Ted Mooney, P.E.
Striving to live Aloha
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
2003




Q. Dear Mr.Mooney Can I do silver plating with silver nitrate? Thanks

Hashemi [returning]
- Shahinshahr, Esfahan, Iran
2003


A. Not exactly. Although it is possible to apply a silver coating from a silver nitrate bath and a reducing agent (2-part silvering solution, Brashear process), to my knowledge it is not possible to do real silver electroplating from anything but silver cyanide or proprietary solutions.

Ted Mooney, finishing.com
Ted Mooney, P.E.
Striving to live Aloha
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
2003



October 18, 2009

Q. For an art project we are trying to silver coat copper items, and think silver nitrate would work as the source of silver. But what current do you use to move the silver to the copper?

thanks

Bryon Hancock
student - Milwaukee, Wisconsin



A. Hi, Bryon. You don't need electricity. The inherent nobility of silver compared to copper provides the electrical energy. Please see our FAQ: "Silver Plating at Home". Good luck.

Regards,

Ted Mooney, finishing.com
Ted Mooney, P.E.
Striving to live Aloha
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
October 19, 2009


A. Immersion silver plating bath-your object must be grease and oxide free! 15 gm silver nitrate/30 gm sodium thiosulphate [on eBay or Amazon] /10 gm ammonium chloride/1 lit water. Dissolve nitrate in 50 gr water, add ammonium chloride dissolved in same amount of water, and then add thiosulphate dissolved in 900 ml water. Hope it helps and good luck!

Goran Budija
- Cerovski vrh Croatia
October 23, 2009




Q. Please supply some instructions on the process of immersion silver coating from a silver nitrate bath and a reducing agent (2-part silvering solution). What is the reducing agent to be used? Is this a simple dipping process or is electrolysis still involved? Would this be a suitable process for making small repairs to the coating on silver plated items, due to wear or damage?

Philip Whitfield
Antiques - Johannesburg, South Africa
2005


A. If you wish to put an immersion silver deposit on suitable metals (which would probably be copper and brass), please see our FAQ on Silver Plating at Home for an explanation and a long list of consumer products that do this. This coating is very thin, but it is real silver and it does not require electricity. I do not know if these solutions are based on silver nitrate, sorry; but they are based on some salt of silver.

2-part silvering solutions are used to apply silver to glass and other non-conductive materials. The reducing agent can be formaldehyde (carcinogenic) or safer proprietaries.

Please consider securing a proprietary metallizing solution. It is dangerous to experiment with home-brew silvering solutions because of the possibility of creating and leaving behind remnants of explosive silver fulminates.

Ted Mooney, finishing.com
Ted Mooney, P.E.
Striving to live Aloha
finishing.com - Pine Beach, New Jersey
2005




June 22, 2017
23519

Q. An expired US patent #3406107 titled "Non-cyanide silver plating bath" in 1964 by IBM, it stated a solution only with Sodium phosphate 10%, ammonium phosphate 2%, silver nitrate 1%, and the rest water, with a current density of 15-45 mA/in^2.

It also states that "The silver deposits have been found to be in an unstressed condition and the extremely good throwing power of such plating solution has made it highly desirable for plating irregularly shaped objects..."

Any expert(s) would think it will work with satisfactory results?

Walter Ka Wai Chu
BDNC - Hong Kong


A. Phosphate based silver plating baths had been developed in the 19th century...
(Leonhard Elsner: 'Die galvanische Vergoldung und Versilberung sowohl Matt als glänzend'. 3. Auflage. Amelang, Leipzig 1856 (1.edition 1843)!
http://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/fs1/object/display/bsb10304766_00001.html

Emanuel Schreiber: 'Vergoldungs- und Versilberungskunst durch Einlegen oder Anreiben'. Vogt, Weimar 1853
http://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/fs1/object/display/bsb11112267_00005.html
Hope it helps and good luck!

Goran Budija
- Zagreb,Croatia
July 24, 2017


thumbs up sign Wow, an unexpected answer from Croatia, a nice country I really want to go to one of the islands...

Thanks! I just bought the chemical and will have a try when I have time, and let everybody know the result.

Walter Ka Wai Chu [returning]
BDNC - Hong Kong
July 26, 2017



? Hi, was it successful?

Beardo guy
- India
July 28, 2022




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