Zinc-Cobalt as a replacement for Cadmium Plating
Is there any current information on the use of electrodeposited zinc-cobalt, ASTM B840 [link by ed. to spec at TechStreet], as a replacement for cadmium plating, QQ-P-416 [link by ed. to spec at Defense Logistics Agency, dla.mil] F, on fasteners?, in the aerospace industry? Also, where does zinc-cobalt fit in the galvanic series with respect to aluminum alloys-5052, 6061, etc..Joe Pesik
March 13, 2010
Hi, Joe. The idea behind zinc alloy plating is that, by carefully choosing the percentage of metals in the alloy, it is possible to get the galvanic voltage closer to where you want it than the fixed galvanic voltage of pure zinc. Zinc alloy plating is completely proprietary as far as I know, so I'm confident that the supplier of the process can tell you the galvanic value of their alloy.
Replacing cadmium is always difficult because it's not just one property, like galvanic potential, it's corrosion resistance, lubricity, compatibility with aluminum, freedom from bulky corrosion products, good stick-slip performance, malleability, etc. It's worth the effort but not easy, and I doubt that you will find something that says it's okay to do the replacement as a matter of spec. More likely is probably that new designs will be spec'd for zinc cobalt rather than finding a blanket statement that it's okay to substitute zinc-cobalt for cadmium. Good luck.
Ted Mooney, P.E. RET
Pine Beach, New Jersey
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