finishing.com logo
    HOME / sitemapFAQsBOOKSHelp WantedsAdvertiseContact   you are here: Hotline/Forum => Letter 1533
most fun in metal finishing

Enhancing the reflectivity of mirror polished stainless

--

Are there any ways to enhance the reflectivity of mirror polished stainless? We specialize in mirror polished stainless steel sheets. Surface quality is close to a glass mirror, but reflectivity wise, it tested at only 62-63%. Type of stainless involved are 304 and 316.

Thank in advance for comments and suggestions.

Michael Liu Taylor
   specialty stainless steel distributor
Dallas, Texas


--

I am afraid that chromium has a naturally high adsorption for solar radiation. To increase the reflectivity you will have to change the composition of the surface. Silver has about the highest solar reflectance but aluminum is good.

Donald M. Mattox
Society of Vacuum Coaters
Albuquerque, New Mexico
 
Ed. note:
            Mr. Mattox is
            the author of --


-

I have been trying to develop a mirror for outdoor use (on a sundial) that will withstand the rigors of weather. Would bare Stainless steel retain a good surface mirror over many years? How about chrome plated, or nickel plated stainless steel? I have tried hard gold plating, but it seemed to dull easily. I have had some luck with rhodium, but it chipped off the underlying nickel plated steel too easily, and is expensive. Bill Gottesman

William Gottesman
sundials

Ed. note: Don is author of this book, rated 5 stars at Amazon:

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing


-

Bill, IMHO, you can't beat stainless for corrosion resistance in exterior applications. Mirror polished stainless are used in many exterior applications. Titanium gold colored stainless (TiN) are used in signage system on high rise buildings. Ti gold will outlast gold plating on automobile applications. Clean stainless steel surface will self generate a oxidizing layer to protect itself from rust and corrosion.

Michael Liu Taylor
   specialty stainless steel distributor
Dallas, Texas

-

Mike, while Silver and/or Rhodium are probably the best metals to use for visible light reflectance with reflectivity of rhodium often above 90% and have excellent wear/environment protection, they are expensive. An economical choice yielding moderate to good performance is a hi-phosphorous electroless nickel with reflectivity about 80%+ it is often used to protect against corrosion in marine environments and as a surface coat for many precision optical components. Many e-less nickels will pass 1000 hr. salt fog tests

Anthony J. Covey
electroformer - Corona, California


+++

on -- Don Mattox wrote "I am afraid that chromium has a naturally high adsorption for solar radiation. To increase the reflectivity you will have to change the composition of the surface. Silver has about the highest solar reflectance but aluminum is good. "

The quest for one piece metal solar mirrors goes on. What would be extremely useful for photovoltaic concentration is a mirror that reflects UV but not infrared. What is the absorption spectrum of chromium? Even if stainless is lower in total reflectance than aluminum or silver, if it reflects heat differently than UV it has an excellent application.

Robert Carlson
mfr solar mirrors - Pt Richmond, California


Apprarently, the "shininess" of nickel chrome electroplating has more to do with the smoothness and leveling of the nickel plating than with the solar reflectance. Chromium plating is used for solar collectors rather than reflectors, although the absorbtivity can be optimized further with "black chromium" plating.

pic of Ted Mooney Teds signature
Ted Mooney, P.E. RET
finishing.com
Pine Beach, New Jersey


September 21, 2011

Hello, what about the reflectivity of mirror finished 316 in infrared? Is there any instrument to easily measure it? Thanks.

Fabrizio Goi
- Italy


ADD a Q or A to THIS thread START a NEW THREADView This Week's HOT TOPICS

disclaim

 seek

JobshopsCapital Equip. & Install'nChemicals & Consumables Consult'g, Train'g, SoftwareEnvironmental ComplianceTesting Svcs. & DevicesUsed & Surplus


©1995-2014 finishing.com     -    Privacy    -    Search